THE PROVINCE

PAST REPRESENTATIVES

REPRESENTATIVES OF THE PROVINCE OF ANTIQUE

1907-1908 …..  Pedro Villavert Jimenez

1912-1916 ….. Angel Salazar, Sr.

1920-1922 ….. Ramon Maza, Sr.

1922-1925 ….. Angel Salazar, Sr.

1925-1934 ….. Segundo C. Moscoso

1934-1940 ….. Calixto Zaldivar

1941-1945 ….. Emigdio Nietes

1950-1965 ….. Tobias A. Fornier

1966-1969 …..  Jose A. Fornier

1969-1973 ….. Enrique Zaldivar

1977-1986 ….. Arturo F. Pacificador

1986-1987 ….. Evelio B. Javier

1988-1998 ….. Exequiel B. Javier

1998-2001 .…   Jovito C. Plameras, Jr.

2001-2010 ….   Exequiel B. Javier

2010 to present …. Paolo Everardo S. Javier

TRADE, COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY

Major products shipped out of the province are palay, rice, copra, muscovado sugar, legumes, fruits and vegetables, livestock, fish and fish preparations, and seaweeds. Manufacture items like native gifts, toys, and housewares are sold in major cities of the country and abroad. Principal mined products exported include coal, marble, silica, copper and gemstones.

The main goods entering the province are construction materials, dry goods, groceries, canned and bottled products, fertilizers and others.

The capital town of San Jose de Buenavista is the center of business in the area. Potential growth areas include the towns of Culasi, Pandan and Sibalom. Investment opportunities with good prospects in the province are:

  • Sugar industry
  • Seaweed processing
  • Marble processing
  • Gemstone and semi-precious stone processing
  • Coco oil mill
  • Livestock and poultry processing
  • Food Processing
  • Marine products processing
  • Furniture, handicraft, metalcraft
  • Fiber extraction/processing/weaving
  • High value crop production
  • Feed/Feed Milling

RELIGION

The people of Antique are predominantly Christians, predominantly Roman Catholic. Even today, the Catholic Church remains influential in both the society and politics of the province. Other religious denominations present in the province include Protestants and Nontrinitarian, Iglesia Filipina Independiente more commonly known as Aglipayan Church, Baptist Churches, Iglesia ni Cristo, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Church of Latter Day Saints, among others.

In the mountains, remnants of ancient folk beliefs persist. Babaylans or native priestesses continue to divine the future, heal the sick or conjure spells.

TOURISM

The province has many tourist attractions, activities, points of interest, facilities and services to offer. There are tourism areas that are developing and many are still to be developed. Tourists traveling from Iloilo to Boracay can stop by Antique's tourism areas. The whole stretch of coastal areas in Antique is suited for scuba diving. Starting from the southern town of Antique tourists can drop by Sira-an Hot Spring, claimed to be a medical spring. The next destination is the capital town San Jose de Buenavista passing by Malandog Marker, site of the first Malayan Settlement. 

Tourism amenities like restaurants, shopping malls, pasalubong centers, accommodations and beach resorts are present. Rafflesia, the largest flower in the world, can be found in Sibalom Natural Park. In the municipalities of Patnongon and Laua-an, tourists interested in traditional methods can visit muscovado mills and watch how muscovado sugar is processed. Products made with muscovado are also available; Laua-an is noted for its long butong-butong (a candy made with muscovado sugar). Tibiao has the Bugtong Bato Falls and the Fish SPA. From Culasi Mount Madia-as can be seen, the Mount Olympus of Antique. Sebaste has the Igpasungaw Falls, the Sebaste Inland Resort and the most visited Saint Blaise Church, where devotees of St. Blaise make a pilgrimage every year during the annual fiesta. Pandan has Malumpati Health Spring and Bugang River—declared the cleanest body of water in the whole country — where rafting and river boating can be experienced. This is the most developed tourism area with a tour package. Libertad is famous for its bariw mat and bag weaving.

HISTORY

Historians believe that the earliest people who settled on the island of Panay were tribal Negritos or Atis. Oral history, relayed as the "Legend of Maragtas", states that in 1212, ten "datus" from Malay escaped persecution from Sri-Vishaya, a Hindu-Malay empire in Borneo and Sumatra when the empire was suddenly upturned by religious groups from Hindu to Islam killing those who oppose the new ruling majority. The ten datus, led by Datu Puti, sailed northward with their families and communities, landing on Panay after departing Borneo.

Upon arrival, the Malay datus met the Ati chieftain Datu Marikudo and his wife Maniwantiwan. They offered the chieftain a salakot (wide-brimmed hat)[6] (out of exaggeration, the present day locals believed to be of pure gold) which includes a golden necklace, earrings, bracelets and tringkets they wore when they fled Borneo among other gifts of pearls and fine clothes as a display of respect and to buy the land for them to live. Datu Marikudo responded to the datus' generosity by giving the Malayans the lowlands and moving to the mountains with his Ati tribe as the mountains are sacred to them. The legacy of this landing is commemorated annually in Antique during the Binirayan festival.

The island of Panay was then divided into three sakups: Hantik, Aklan and Irong-Irong. Aklan became the present-day Aklan and Capiz, Irong-Irong became Iloilo, and Hantik (also called Hamtik or Hamtic) became Antique. Hantik was named for the large black ants found on the island called "hantik-hantik".

The sakup of Hantik was given to Datu Sumakwel, one of the ten datus, and who, according to tradition, was a sword master and wisest of them. The three sakups were later governed as a political unit called the Confederation of Madyaas, also under Datu Sumakwel. Datu Sumakwel founded the town of Malandog, considered to be the first Malay settlement in the country. Malandog is now a barangay in the present-day municipality of Hamtic, which was named after the historic sakup.

During the Spanish colonial period, the coastal province was vulnerable to attacks by Moro raiders. Under the direction of the Spanish friars, a series of watchtowers, like the 'Old Watchtower' in Libertad and Estaca Hill in Bugasong, were built to guard Antique.

In 1942, the Imperial Japanese Army landed in Antique and occupied the province during the Second World War.

During the Japanese Insurgencies and Occupation (1942-1944), the military general headquarters and camp bases of the 6th and 62nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army was active from 1942 to 1946 and the military general headquarters and camp bases of the 6th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was re-activated between 1944 and 1946. Additionally, during the implementation of the anti-imperial Japanese military operations on Panay Island between 1942 and 1945 in the Antique province, Filipino military forces aided the local guerrilla resistance against the Imperial Japanese Army.

Between 1944 and 1945, Philippine Commonwealth forces of the 6th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the 6th and 62nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army defeated the Japanese troops and liberated the province. The liberation was achieved with the active support of recognized local guerrillas.

Antique Provincial Seal

Gov. Rhodora Cadiao

Antikenyo.com

Brgy. San Fernando

(C/O Precia Villavert Beach Resort)

San Jose de Buenavista

Antique, Philippines 5700

USA Tel: (718) 838-9626

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